Narcissus is a genus of predominantly spring perennial plants in the Amaryllidaceae (amaryllis) family. Various common names including daffodil, daffadowndilly, narcissus, and jonquil are used to describe all or some members of the genus. Narcissus has conspicuous flowers with six petal-like tepals surmounted by a cup- or trumpet-shaped corona. The flowers are generally white or yellow (orange or pink in garden varieties), with either uniform or contrasting coloured tepals and corona.
Narcissus were well known in ancient civilisation, both medicinally and botanically, but formally described by Linnaeus' in his "Species Plantarum" (1753). The genus is generally considered to have about ten sections with approximately 50 species. The number of species has varied, depending on how they are classified, due to similarity between species and hybridisation. The genus arose some time in the Late Oligocene to Early Miocene epochs, in the Iberian peninsula and adjacent areas of southwest Europe.
The exact origin of the name Narcissus is unknown, but it is often linked to a Greek word for intoxicated (narcotic) and the myth of the youth of that name who fell in love with his own reflection. The English word 'daffodil' appears to be derived from "asphodel", with which it was commonly compared.
The species are native to meadows and woods in southwest Europe and North Africa with a centre of diversity in the Western Mediterranean, particularly the Iberian peninsula. Both wild and cultivated plants have naturalised widely, and were introduced into the Far East prior to the tenth century. Narcissi tend to be long-lived bulbs, which propagate by division, but are also insect-pollinated. Known pests, diseases and disorders include viruses, fungi, the larvae of flies, mites and nematodes. Some Narcissus species have become extinct, while others are threatened by increasing urbanisation and tourism.
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She's a sweet heart!ReplyDelete
In a few weeks time I am going to plant the Narcissus bulbs again. I have chosen N. Petrel. It is a small one. No spring without these beauties! Goetjes,ReplyDelete
I have bought lots of springbulbs, so I hope I get lots of flowers.ReplyDelete
It is beautiful.
Have a nice weekend.
it is so weird to see these beautiful spring flower because here in Germany fall is already there.
But I love Narcissus and enjoyed your facts that much.
Thanks for sharing!
Best wishes - Julia
Always happy to see these, since they're one of the first in the year to bloom! So, with your post do you mean they're blooming now in Australia?ReplyDelete
Thanks for hosting!
The narciss is in Germany a springflower, it's a bit funny to see it right now ;-)ReplyDelete
Have a great weekend ... Frauke
every spring Narzissus are a wonderful wellcome.
Have a nice weekend,
P.S.: I think it's number 254 of FrloralFridayFotos? ;-)
A wonderful combination of colours. Very pretty!ReplyDelete
I'd fall in love with my own reflection if I looked like a daffodil, too! Pretty photo.ReplyDelete
Beautiful Nick, can't wait to see them in the spring.ReplyDelete
Nick, what a colorful find. Thanks for sharing.ReplyDelete
So very lovely!!ReplyDelete
I love, love, love these with the orange edging!ReplyDelete
I love these beautiful flowers !!ReplyDelete
Happy weekend !